Catal Huyuk, Turkey
Date ca. 6500-5700 BCE
Movement Prehistoric, Neolithic
Experiencing a healthy influx of trade from surrounding populations, Çatal Hüyük was able to flourish and create this city in 12 successive phases. With a lack of streets, settlers here were able to rely on the economies and defenses of shared walls.
Rooms within Çatal Hüyük, such as the Main Room, were covered with plaster and often painted. One room depicts what may be the town itself under a neighboring volcano, Hasan Dag; if this is indeed the case, this would be the earliest-known landscape painting on record. Another room features static hunting scenes with disproportionately large bulls set amongst stick-figure hunters.