Temple of Amun-Ra
Date ca. 1290-1224
Movement Egyptian | New Kingdom | 18th Dynasty
Location Karnak, Thebes
Surrounded by a vast wall, the Temple of Amun-Ra consisted of a series of pylons dedicated to kings and a hypostyle hall through which ceremonial processions would have passed; however, only kings and priests were permitted beyond this point, where they would then cleanse themselves in a sacred lake before entering the temple itself; there, chapels were placed where daily rituals were performed. The columns of the Hypostyle hall supported stone lintels, and while they required considerable support, the columns are nonetheless more massive than necessary; this, coupled with their papyrus capitals, were meant to portray an earthy atmosphere that would have symbolized the chaotic swamp out of which creation was formed.