East Pediment of the Temple of Aphaia

East Pediment of the Temple of Aphaia

Date ca. 500-480 BCE

Movement Greek | Archaic

Medium Marble

Provenance Aegina, Greece

Housed at Glyptothek, Staatliche Antikensammlungen, Munich, Germany


Nearly a century after the Temple of Artemis at Corfu was built, sculptors began to create figures with the same scale throughout a temple’s pediment, while decreasing the height of those towards the ends. Here in the east pediment, a fully independent Athena presides over the first sacking of Troy, while balancing figures engaged in battle flank her sides. However, figures are still not yet fully naturalistic. The expression of the Dying Warrior, for example, denies the agony that he should be feeling. Instead, he wears an archaic smile. While he should turn inward toward his pain or the ground to which is falling, he instead props himself up to peer out across the horizon and the viewer.