Restored plan of Temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus
Date dedicated ca 509 BCE
Location Rome, Italy
This reconstruction represents the first large-scale structure to be built upon Roman soil. The pediment was graced by Jupiter in a four- horse chariot while cult statues of Juno, Jupiter, and Minerva were housed in their respective cellas. Columns, rectilinear forms and a gabled roof clearly indicate a Grecian influence, but the frontal entrance and raised level of the structure are distinctly Etrusco-Italic.