Ara Pacis Augustae
Date 13-9 BCE
Width approx. 35′
Housed at Museum of the Ara Pacis, Rome
Dedicated by the Roman Senate upon Augustus’ return from Spain and Gaul. The left panel of the western entrance depicts the scene of Romulus and Remus with the legendary she-wolf, while at the right, Aeneas, or Numa, makes a sacrifice upon a roughly strewn alter. Lower registers depict scenes of nature, abundant with acanthus leaves and small reptiles, emphasizing a peaceful state that Augustus wished to impose.
The Imperial Procession hearkens back to the Parthenon Procession, again enabling a clear lineage from the Classical Greeks’ might to Augustus’ newly born Roman Empire. It is possible that the inclusion of females and children of the imperial family help to impose Augustus’ emphasis on dynasty and familial intactness.