The Holy Sepulchre

The Holy Sepulchre

Date started 326 CE

Movement Early Christian

Located at Jerusalem, Israel

 

The basilica marks the place at which Constantine’s mother found the cross upon which Christ was crucified, and the Rotunda of the Anastasis beyond was built upon Christ’s tomb from which he resurrected. The Rotunda’s structure mirrors almost precisely that of Santa Costanza’s, which is only natural given that they shared the same patrons and served the same function; however, the Rotunda adopts a gallery over the ambulatory to accommodate a great number of pilgrims. The basilica, too, takes the form of Old St. Peter’s, and like the Rotunda, includes a second story gallery for the same purpose. Twelve columns support the apse—a symbol of the twelve apostles.