Alhambra

Alhambra

Date Mid-14th century

Movement Islamic

Located at Granada, Spain

 

As one of the last Muslim outposts within Spain, having survived the Catholic reconquest with the defensive Sierra Nevada mountain range, Nasrid rulers constructed The Alhambra, a place of which only portions still survive. In this court, lions uphold a fountain basis, through which pressurized mountain water flows. Four water channels represent the four rivers of Paradise. Horseshoe arches are upheld by single and multiple, slender columns, and above, artists have placed muqarnas or carved stucco; their weightless nature is reminiscent of the supporting structures of the Hagia Sophia, but their intricate, geometric patterns are distinctly Muslim, and would become an inspiration to European and American architects centuries later.