Complex of Sultan Hassan

Complex of Sultan Hassan

Date ca. 1354-61

Movement Islamic

Located at Cairo, Egypt

 

Once in control of Egypt and Syria, the Mamluks sought to rival their Mongolian counterparts to the northeast. Nasir ad-Din al-Hasan does so here with his lavish madras and tomb, characterized, as with other Mamluk works, by a high dome, multi-balconied minarets, and multi-colored marble mosaic decorations. Like other works in Cairo, architects were forced to work within the restraints of irregularly shaped plots leftover from existing structures in the crowded city. The structure was designed with a central court and four massive iwans, and accommodated four schools complete with classrooms, dormitories, and al-Hasan’s tomb beyond the qibla iwan.