Located at Isfahan, Iran
Also known as the Shah Mosque. The Safavid rulers once again returned their capital to Isfahan, enlivening it with modern architecture through the great wealth amassed by trade in the region. Constructed by Shah Abbas, a maidan was incorporated into the city center that was aligned with the North Star. This grand royal mosque was constructed at a forty-five degree angle to the maidan, so as to accommodate the qibla’s alignment with Mecca. The ongoings of the mosque were supported by waqfs (a form of rent from surrounding shop owners).