Pentecost from the Cluny Lectionary

Pentecost from the Cluny Lectionary

Date Early 12th century

Movement Mature Romanesque

Medium Tempera on vellum

Dimensions 9 x 5″

Housed at Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris


As in the apse at Berzé-la-Ville, there is a considerable amount of Byzantine influence at work; for example, Christ is depicted as Pantocrator, and highlights line his garments along with those of his Apostles. Hierarchical perspective places Peter directly below Christ and at the center—this is significant, as St. Peter was Cluny’s patron saint.