Piazza dei Miracoli
Movement Tuscan Romanesque
Located at Pisa, Italy
Tuscany flourished greatly through an abundance of trade during this era. Italians did not stray far from Early Christian, basilican designs, though they did incorporate some Romanesque devices—note the highly decorated, striped and compartmentalized exteriors. In the Italian tradition, the campanile (Leaning Tower of Pisa) is built apart from the cathedral. A dome marks the cathedral’s crossing. It is likely that the baptistry takes the form of the Holy Sepulcher, given Pisa’s extensive connections with the Holy Land.
The cathedral here takes the form of a Latin Cross. Again, though a gallery and clerestory have been incorporated, the interior is largely Early Christian—note the flat timber-roof nave (hearkening back to Santa Maria Maggiore and other Early churches) and Classical columns.