South Doors of San Giovanni Baptistery

South Doors of San Giovanni Baptistery

Artist Andrea Pisano

Date 1330-36

Movement Proto-Renaissance

Medium Gilt bronze

Located at Baptistery of San Giovanni, Florence


The baptistery opposite the cathedral carried its own magnificence—Florentines believed it had been built atop an ancient Roman structure. Here, twenty-eight panels of gilded bronze depict scenes from the life of St. John the Baptist, the patron saint of Florence. Pisano utilized the Gothic quatrefoil for these scenes; in the panel shown here, John baptizes Christ, while an angel bears witness and the Holy Spirit in the form of a dove sits atop the scene. A revival of Classicism can be seen in Christ’s musculature, as in Fortitude at Pisa.