Pedimental Sculptures from Via di San Gregorio
Date ca. 150-100 BCE
This temple pediment contains traditional Roman subject matter: the sacrificing of animals to deities. Mars, depicted at the center, is flanked by two female deities and attendants that will carry out the ceremony. Though its subject matter is distinctly Roman, the Classical treatment of drapery and the Hellenistic breastplate of Mars still indicate strong Greek influence, and the use of a gender-defining color scheme was most likely borrowed from the Egyptians. These sculptures were cut in such high relief that they appear to be freestanding in the round.