While Romanesque artists sought to compartmentalize and distinguish the individual components of a particular work, Gothic artists wished to harmonize the individual elements in a unified whole.


During this time, architects were able to implement improved techniques, like the refined vault that allowed for the creation of trapezoidal bays, perfect for creating radiating wedge-shaped bays within a cathedral’s apse. The implementation of lancet arches and flying buttresses allowed cathedrals to take on new towering heights with walls pierced by expansive, intricate, stained-glass windows.


Sculptures take on a significantly more natural style than their Romanesque predecessors. Towards the Late Gothic era, these figures take upon an elegant air and appear to “sway” in pose.


Illuminated narratives in this period borrow heavily from their sculptural and architectural counterparts. Figures are naturalistic and elegant, set before backgrounds that look incredibly similar to stained-glass windows.